Daiichi Sankyo Company, Limited announced that the U.S. FDA approved TURALIO as the first and only treatment for adult patients with symptomatic TGCT associated with severe morbidity or functional limitations and not amenable to improvement with surgery. TGCT is a rare, non-malignant tumor that affects small and large joints. The disease can cause debilitating symptoms and can be locally aggressive
The FDA approval of TURALIO represents a paradigm shift in the treatment of carefully selected TGCT patients who face significant disease morbidity and for whom surgery is not an option,” said William D. Tap, MD, Chief of the Sarcoma Medical Oncology Service at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, and lead investigator for the pivotal phase 3 ENLIVEN study. “We now have a new oral treatment option that can have a meaningful clinical benefit in select patients, including a reduction in tumor size.”
“We are proud to be a part of today’s landmark approval and offer a much-needed treatment advancement for TGCT patients whose disease is not amenable to improvement with surgery, and who, until now, have had no approved systemic treatment options,” said Antoine Yver, MD, MSc, Executive Vice President and Global Head, Oncology Research and Development, Daiichi Sankyo, Inc. “With patients at the center of everything we do, Daiichi Sankyo believes patient safety and providing effective medicines are our most important responsibilities. As such, we are committed to educating patients and the healthcare providers who care for them about the benefits and risks associated with TURALIO to ensure appropriate prescribing and monitoring.”
The FDA approval of TURALIO is based on the results of the pivotal phase 3 ENLIVEN study, the first placebo-controlled study of a systemic therapy in patients with TGCT. Study results showed the primary endpoint of tumor response rate by Response Evaluation Criteria v1.1 in Solid Tumors (RECIST) was 38 percent (95% CI: 27%, 50%) in TURALIO-treated patients and zero percent (95% CI: 0%, 6%) for placebo-treated patients at Week 25 (TURALIO N=61, placebo N=59; p<0.0001). In addition, overall response rate by tumor volume score (TVS) was 56 percent (95% CI: 43%, 67%) in patients randomized to the TURALIO arm and zero percent in patients randomized to the placebo arm at Week 25 (TURALIO N=61, placebo N=59; p<0.0001). Furthermore, the analysis of mean change from baseline in range of motion at Week 25 (TURALIO N=45, placebo N=43) demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in patients treated with TURALIO, compared to placebo.
TURALIO is approved with a Boxed Warning for hepatotoxicity due to the risk of serious and potentially fatal liver injury. Hepatotoxicity with ductopenia and cholestasis has occurred in patients treated with TURALIO. Across 768 patients who received TURALIO in clinical trials, there were two irreversible cases of cholestatic liver injury. One patient died with advanced cancer and ongoing liver toxicity and one patient required a liver transplant. The mechanism of cholestatic hepatotoxicity is unknown and its occurrence cannot be predicted. It is unknown whether liver injury occurs in the absence of increased transaminases.
Because of the risk of hepatotoxicity, TURALIO will be available only through a restricted program called the TURALIO Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) Program. Under this program, only certified healthcare providers may prescribe TURALIO. Biologics by McKesson, an independent specialty pharmacy for oncology and other complex therapeutic areas, has been selected to be the exclusive specialty pharmacy provider for TURALIO.
TURALIO is available by prescription in the U.S. Daiichi Sankyo is committed to ensuring that patients in the U.S. who are prescribed TURALIO can access the medication and receive necessary financial support. Provider and patient support related to access, reimbursement and distribution for TURALIO in the U.S. will be accessible through Daiichi Sankyo Access Central by visiting www.DSIAccessCentral.com or calling 1-866-4-DSI-NOW (1-866-437-4669).
About the ENLIVEN Study
ENLIVEN, a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, global multi-center, pivotal phase 3 study, evaluated TURALIO in patients with symptomatic TGCT for whom surgical removal of the tumor would be associated with potentially worsening functional limitation or severe morbidity. The first part of the study, the double-blind phase, enrolled 120 patients who were randomized (1:1) to receive either TURALIO at 1000 mg/day for 2 weeks followed by 800 mg/day for 22 weeks or matching placebo, to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TURALIO versus placebo. The major efficacy outcome measure was overall response rate (ORR) at Week 25, which was the percentage of patients achieving a complete or partial response after 24 weeks of treatment as assessed by blinded independent central review (BICR). Additional efficacy outcome measures included range of motion and response by tumor volume score (TVS). After completing the first part of the study, patients randomized to either TURALIO or placebo were eligible to enter the second part of ENLIVEN, a long-term, open-label portion of the study where patients could continue to receive or start to receive TURALIO.
About TGCT (PVNS/GCT-TS)
TGCT, also referred to as PVNS or GCT-TS, is a rare, non-malignant tumor that can be locally aggressive. TGCT affects the synovium-lined joints, bursae and tendon sheaths, resulting in reduced mobility in the affected joint or limb.1,2,3
While the exact incidence of TGCT is not known, it is estimated that the incidence of TGCT is 11 to 50 cases per million person-years, based on studies from three countries.,, TGCT is subcategorized into two types: localized, which is more common and accounts for 80 percent to 90 percent of cases, and diffuse, which accounts for 10 percent to 20 percent of cases.5,6
The current standard of care for TGCT is surgical resection.1,7 However, in patients with a recurrent, difficult-to-treat, or diffuse form of TGCT, the tumor may wrap around bone, tendons, ligaments and other parts of the joint. In these cases, the tumor may be difficult to remove and/or may not be amenable to improvement with surgery. Multiple surgeries for more severe cases can lead to significant joint damage, debilitating functional impairments and reduced quality of life, and amputation may be considered.,,
Recurrence rates for localized TGCT are estimated to be up to 15 percent following complete resection.2,,, Diffuse TGCT recurrence rates are estimated to be about 20 percent to 50 percent following complete resection.3,10, TGCT affects all age groups; the diffuse type on average occurs most often in people below the age of 40, and the localized type typically occurs in people between 30 and 50 years old.1,4,5,6
TURALIO (pexidartinib) is an oral small molecule that inhibits CSF1R (colony stimulating factor-1 receptor), which is a primary growth driver of abnormal cells in the synovium that cause TGCT. TURALIO also inhibits KIT and FLT3-ITD. TURALIO was discovered by Plexxikon Inc., the small molecule structure-guided R&D center of Daiichi Sankyo.
On January 31, 2019, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) recognized “Progress in Treating Rare Cancers” as the “Advance of the Year,” and selected pexidartinib as one of five significant advancements in rare disease treatment, calling it the first promising investigational therapy for TGCT. TURALIO was granted Priority Review, Breakthrough Therapy designation and Orphan Drug status by the U.S. FDA. Pexidartinib is currently under regulatory review for the treatment of TGCT with the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and has received Orphan Drug designation.
About Daiichi Sankyo
Daiichi Sankyo Group is dedicated to the creation and supply of innovative pharmaceutical therapies to improve standards of care and address diversified, unmet medical needs of people globally by leveraging our world-class science and technology. With more than 100 years of scientific expertise and a presence in more than 20 countries, Daiichi Sankyo and its 15,000 employees around the world draw upon a rich legacy of innovation and a robust pipeline of promising new medicines to help people. In addition to a strong portfolio of medicines for cardiovascular diseases, under the Group’s 2025 Vision to become a “Global Pharma Innovator with Competitive Advantage in Oncology,” Daiichi Sankyo is primarily focused on providing novel therapies in oncology, as well as other research areas centered around rare diseases and immune disorders. For more information, please visit: www.daiichisankyo.com. Daiichi Sankyo, Inc., headquartered in Basking Ridge, New Jersey, is a member of the Daiichi Sankyo Group.